Pots and Graves


Despite their apparently small populations, Early Iron Age Cycladic communities managed to gradually develop distinctive and wide-ranging cultures, as is reflected in the variety of Late Geometric and Archaic pottery styles. But consecutive and comprehensible contexts of the Protogeometric and earlier Geometric periods are limited and incompletely preserved. With only few exceptions the evidence is basically confined to sporadic and chance finds. Graves of this period are known only from a few islands and Tenos is one of them. A small number of tombs excavated at the beginning of the 20th century and a number of pots from destroyed and lost graves formed for a long time the nucleus of Early Iron Age evidence for the island. Later, further chance finds improved the evidence, but still the Early Iron Age funerary horizon remained poorly known.

This study investigates the Early Iron Age funerary record of the island, bringing together all the known material from Tenos and then setting it against its contemporary Aegean background. A detailed catalogue of excavated and lost graves and their finds is presented and discussed from a range of viewpoints. A brief chronological outline of mortuary assemblages and the chance vases is given, to better order the investigation in time. By analyzing the burial record and its contextual background conclusions are drawn on the burial topography and in turn the social and historical implications that emerge for the island. Emphasis is given to the ceramic record and the identification of local pottery workshops and imports. A short review of the history of each shape gives the contemporary ceramic background for each in the Aegean; this is followed by a discussion of pottery styles, networks and intercultural relationships. Pottery analysis demonstrates two successive ceramic phases with different cultural orientations. Thus, we may enhance our knowledge of Tenian culture in the Early Iron Age on the basis of the existing funerary evidence.

Table des matières

 
Preface             9
Introduction    11
I. Catalogue of Graves and Finds           15
1. Kambos       15
2. Ktikados      21
3. Kardiani and the Vatican group of vases        30

3. a. Kardiani    30

3. b. The Vatican group          58

4. Aghia Thekla          61

5. Xobourgo     62

6. Sporadic      69

Ii. Pottery Analysis        71

1. Shapes and decoration   71

1. Wheel-made closed shapes        71

Jugs           71

Trefoillipped oenochoae     73

Tankards  77

Lekythoi   80

Amphorae and Amphoriskoi   82

Hydriae    88

Pyxiden     89

Lids           90

2. Wheel-made open shapes          91

Onehandled cups       91

Skyphoi    97

Craters      107

Kantharoi 109

3. Handmade and plain wares        112

Cooking pots       112

Aryballoi  113

Bird askoi            115

Lamps       118

Clay beads or spindlewhorls           119

2. Fabrics, techniques and styles 120
1. Local wheelmade and painted wares            120
2. Wheel-made slipped and polished wares      123
3. Handmade and plain wares        125
3. Imported wares     127
1. The Attic imports     127
2. The nonAttic imports       130
Iii. Metal and Other Objects      135
1. Fibulae        135
2. Pins  136
3. Finger rings            138
4. Beads          139
5. Bracelets     141
6. Iron knives  141
Iv. The Mortuary Record: Direct and Indirect Evidence   143
1.The excavated graves: The burial record and its contextual background 143
2. A brief chronological outline of mortuary assemblages and sporadic vases   146
3. Burial topography and its social and historical implications       158
V. Epilogue: Pots, Graves and Networks 157
Abbreviations and Bibliography 161
Format Broché
Nombre de pages
176
Illustrations 1
Collection Études d’archéologie (CReA-Patrimoine)
ISBN 13 978-2-9602029-5-3
Type Nom
Sommaire E18-TDM.pdf