Hesiod's Theogony as source of the iconological program of Giorgione's 'Tempesta
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Giorgione’sTempestahasbeen the most discussed enig-ma in the history of art, withover fifty different interpreta-tions, based largely on ancientliterary sources which werecompared, unconvincingly,with very few elements of thepainting. Hesiod’sTheogony,well known in Venice whenthe painting was made, ex-plains all of them, for the artist translatedthe poet’s words literally into visual im-ages, showing the shepherd Hesiod dur-ing the vision in which the muses consignto him a poetic mission; theinfant Zeus held by his nurseAlmathea one year after beingrescued from being devouredby his father Cronus; and thealtar of two columns erectedby Zeus to commemorate hisvictory over Cronus, corre-sponding to his own altar withtwo columns in his birthplaceLyktos. The lightening is, ofcourse, the attribute of Zeus. The musesare not seen, since Hesiod says they are‘invisible’, but he often mentions theirnine houses, shown in the painting.
|Nbr Pages Rom||IV|
|Nombre de pages
|Collection||Pocket Library of Studies in Art|